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Nameri National Park

Kaziranga National Park

Nameri National Park is a nature paradise, still stand tall nurturing diverse wildlife without unnecessary human intervention. It is the third National Park of Assam. Nameri is situated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas at Sonitpur district in Assam state, North-East India. Its nearest large town is Tezpur about 37kms from Nameri and connected by road. As it is also a Tiger reserve so it is divided into core-buffer zone system in which National park core area is of 200 sq.kms and 144 sq.kms of buffer area. and located in Eastern part of Assam state, sharing border with Arunachal Pradesh state. In 17 Oct 1978 the forest area was first declared as a reserve forest, it has a setup of being Nameri Sanctuary on 18 September 1985, but then the area was covered only 137 km2, after declaring as a National Park officially in 27 Feb 1997, another 75 km2 added to its total area. The Jia Bhareli River flows along the park’s western and southern boundaries, adding more aqua-biodiversity into the park, as it is famous since the colonial India for the Golden Mahseer Angling. In addition to Jia - Bhoroli river some other tributary rivers like Doigurung, Diji, Nameri, Dinai, Dikorai etc. criss-crosses the park area. Bor Dikrai river forms the eastern boundary of park. Nameri National Park shares its North-East boundary with Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh, with an area of 1000 km2. Nameri tourist attractions are its reach wildlife in which birds, mammals and reptiles are covered. Birding in Nameri national park is very good with about 370 bird species.

Flora Information
Forest and woodland covers about 94% i.e. 188 sq.kms. area of park. Majority of grasslands are on the bank of rivers like Jia Bhareli or Bhoroli and its tributary rivers like Doigurung, Diji, Nameri, Dinai, Dikorai etc. These river covers 5% i.e. 10 sq.kms. of park area. About 1% remaining area is covered by riverbeds. Its vegetation type is semi-evergreen and moist-deciduous forest. Forest have more than 600 species of creepers, clum-forming bamboo, lianas, epiphytes etc. The vegetation of the park is a mosaic of 4 major forest types:
Eastern alluvial secondary semi-evergreen forest- (including Pterospermum acerifolium, Dillenia indica, Dysoxylum procerum, Bombax ceiba, Bischofia javanica, Artocarpus chaplasha, Duabanga sonneratoides and Litsea sebifera).
Low alluvial savannah woodland- (including Bombax ceiba, Albizzia procera, Dillenia indica, Cordia dichotoma, Premna bengalensis and Trewia nudiflora trees with very dense tall grass including Saccharum spp. & Erianthus spp.
Eastern Dillenia swamp forest- (including Dillenia indica, Bischofia javanica, Albizzia lucida, Lagerstroemia flos-reginae and Terminalia chebula.
Wet bamboo forest- (usually found along streams or on badly drained hollows), with areas of cane brakes formed by Calamus tenuis.
In addition to above given details, Nameri forest composition encompasses Cane Brakes, Sub Himalayan light alluvial semi-evergreen forests, Eastern wet alluvial grassland, Assam valley tropical everygreen forest, Nothern Secondary moist mixed deciduous forests, Eastern hollock forests, Assam alluvial plains semi-evergreen forest etc.

Fauna Information
Nameri National Park is a wild paradise for birds, more than 370 bird species have been recorded from Nameri, these included nine globally threatened species (two critical endangered, one endangered and five vulnerable species) and five near threatened species, some of common bird species in Nameri are - White Winged Wood duck, Palla's fish-eagle, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Greater spotted Eagle, White ramped vulture, Long billed vulture, Black bellied Tern, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill etc. Initially it was considered to be an elephant reserve, of being excellent elephant place. It’s an ideal habitat for a tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, Asiatic wild dog, spotted deer, wild boar, sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, capped langur, Indian giant squirrel, Burmese ferret badger, Binturong, hispid hare & more. It also has a wide range of reptiles like - Assam Roofed Turtle, Indian Soft Shell Turtle, Indian Flap Shell Turtle, Keeled Box Turtle, South East Asian Leaf Turtle, Common Blind Snake, Myanmarese Python, Indian Cobra, King Cobra, Pit Viper, and Monitor Lizard.

Nameri National Park is situated on the coordination of 26°50’-27°02’N 92°38’-93°00’E, spreads in an area of 200 km2. The park is lies in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas in Assam, a state of north-east India. Bor Dikrai River forms its eastern boundaries and the Jia Bhareli River flows along the park’s western and southern boundaries. This park shares about 1000 km2 area in its northern boundary with Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh. The terrain is undulating, with lower areas at 80-100 m along the Jia Bhorelli and its tributaries, and higher areas at 200-225 m in the central and northern parts of the park. Soil composition has sandy or sandy loam alluvial deposits. Numerous small rivers and perennial streams originating in Arunachal Pradesh run through the park and feed into the Jia Bhareli. Many rivers shift their course during the rainy season and form dry riverbeds during the winter. More than a 94% of the park covers with forest and woodland; grasslands are found along the bank of the Jia Bhareli River and its tributaries and cover an area about 05%.

Water Sports in Nameri
The park also provides a thrilling opportunity to the people have additional love in aqua-sport beside wildlife, there is organized rafting (and catch and release angling) on this river, on inflatable rubber dinghies rented by the eco camp. As part of the camp, you are taken up the river by road for about 17 km, after which you float down the river in a dinghy, absorbing the distant blue hills and the still forest. You could be rewarded with the whir of hornbills in flight, close-up views of brahminy ducks and cormorants resting on the rocky island banks. You may get to see a thirsty deer or monkey coming for a drink and one can always dream of catching a herd of elephants at play or perhaps a tiger sauntering on to the water’s edge.

How to reach
Nameri National Park is located 181 km from Guwahati, the state capital Assam. The nearest town is Tezpur, which is 35 km and is a suburban area of Sonitpur district of Assam. One can reach the park by below given three conveyances
By Air: Tezpur Airport (35 km) is the nearest Air Head for Nameri National Park; it has good connectivity with the places like Kolkata and Silchar, though it doesn’t have wide connectivity with metropolitan cities of India, Guwahati (Bojhar) Airport, is about 205 km from the park, and it has round the India connectivity.
By Train: Rangapara is nearest Railway Head, which is about 21 km from the park & it is connected to the wide Indian railway network.
By Road: The park is well connected by the local and national highways that connect it with all the major cities of Assam, regular buses ply to and from Tezpur.

Climate & Weather
Nameri is a wet and green region. It received healthy rainfall and never faces any water crises. The subtropical monsoon climate of the region is characterized by heavy rainfall with an annual average of 3, 500 mm. most of the rain falls between May and September, which forms the summer (hot) season. Winters (October to April) are usually cool and dry, although rains are not uncommon. The average temperature in the area varies from a low of 05°C in winter to a high of 37°C in summer. The relative humidity is high, and varies between 65% and 90% or more.

Best time to visit
One can get through the finest experience of weather & the wildlife of Nameri National Park between Novembers to May, during this period weather remain pleasant with mild cold breeze & clear sky, sometimes it may be rain but its not usual thing. This time is perfect to spot lots of bird, mammals, and reptiles. For water sport, which is happens to be the key attraction of this place.

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