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Guwahati City

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Guwahati is a one of the most popular city not only in Assam state but in North East India also. It is known to be the gateway of Eastern India, an erstwhile capital of Assam State, fast growing metropolitan city & even Dispur, the current capital of eastern Indian state Assam, located within Guwahati city. It is a historical city which was known by the name of "Pragjyotishpura" which means City of Eastern Light and "Durjoya" which means impregnable. Some says that Guwahati got its name from Sanskrit word ‘Guwa’ which means betel nut or areca nuts & ‘hati’ resembles like ‘hut’ means market, harvesting as a main crop in the region. Later it became Gauhati, and now it is Guwahati. Historical status of city is derived from it reference in many ancient books and presence of many ancient Hindu temples in city like Kamakhya temple, Basistha Temple, Navagraha Temple, Lankeshwar Temple etc. Guwahati is located on southern bank of Assam lifeline river Brahmaputra. With increase in city population, now it is expanding in northern bank of river also. It also has one of dignified & top tech institute named Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT-G) and many educational institutions. Dispur is the current capital of Assam state is the neighboring township of Guwahati city.Alongside the impressively wide Brahmaputra River, it has been the most important region and service center for the tea and oil industries. This busy river town is surrounded by paddy fields and ancients rain-forests.

Guwahati is a largest city of North East India in Assam state. It has prominent place in north-east map of India. It lies on the coordination of 26° 11’0° N-91° 44’0° E. and spread in an area of 556 square kilometers area. Earlier Guwahati city was concentrated on southern bank of Brahmaputra river but with recent infrastructural development and growth in population, city has expanded it limits by covering northern bank also. Geographically city is spread between the foothills of Shillong river and bank of Brahmaputra river.

By learning the history of Guwahati city, we will conclude that it is a historical city on the southern bank of Brahmaputra river. Although any exact date of its origin is not known but its history will take us thousands of year back to the time of vedic puranas and Mahabharata era which certifies that Guwahati is one among ancient cities of Asia. According to hindu great epic "Mahabharata" it was a capital of mythological king Narkasura and his son Bhagadatta. During this time it was known by the name of "Pragjyotisha". Bhagadatta participated in battle of Kurukshetra from the side of Kauravas and killed by Arjuna's arrow in battlefield. Among 52 Shakti Peeths of goddess Shakti, one is in Guwahati also. It is known as shakti temple of Kamakhya located in Nilachal hill as was used for Tantric practices. In addition to this it is also the seat for Vajrayana Buddhism branch. Navagraha Temple located in Chitrachal hill is another ancient and unique temple where all nine grahas were worshipped. Results of excavation in Ambari traced back to 6th century AD. In past when it was known by the name of Pragjyotisha it was ruled by Varman and Pala dynasties of Kamrupa kingdom which existed for almost 800 years and covers entire Brahmaputra river valley. Chinese visitor Xuanzang visited the city in 7th century as described it as a hub of art and culture with base of strong naval force with 30000 war-boats and team of experienced sailors. It remained capital of Assam till 11th century under rule of Pala dynasty. After destruction of Kamata kingdom, city lost its charm and glory. After this its importance was just a main strategic military post for Koch Hajo and Ahom kingdoms. Mughals army marched towards this region and takeover western Assam under rule of Kuch Hajo. Eastern part was under rule of Ahom rulers. Mughals tried to invade into Ahom kingdom for 17 times and each time they were defeated by Ahoms army under general Bir lachit Borphukan.

Guwahati Tourism
Considering the location and its good connectivity, Guwahati can be ideal gateway for launching North East India Tours. It is a historical town and largest metropolitan city in North East India. It is surrounded by many tourist attractions like Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Shillong etc. As it is a good launching place for tours, Guwahati city have many tourist attractions for visitor inside city about which we can read in below given content:
Assam Zoo or Botanical Garden
This largely open enclosure zoo is spacious and well managed. It houses animals like tigers, leopards and of course, Assam’s world famous resident, one horned rhinos along with the traditional African two horned variety. It is about 5 km south-east of the city center.
Timing -8:00 AM to 4:00 PM (October to March), 7:00 AM to 4:30 PM (April to September)
Friday closed.
Bhubaneshwari Temple
This temple is dedicated to Shakti, one of the nine aspects of the Goddess Durga in Hinduism. The temple is pretty known for sustaining archaic, architectural & spiritual value of Hindu gods.
Navagraha Temple
This was the ancient centre of astronomy and astrology. It was also a centre of learning and a place of Hindu pilgrimage. It is located on the Chitrachal Hills, towards the northeast of the city centre. The nine planets find their representation as nine lingas inside the main temple. It has long been known as a centre of astronomy and astrology.
Kamakhya Temple
This temple is dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya, the greatest shrine situated on the top of Nilanchal Hills about 8 km far from the Guwahati Railway station. This can worth a visit as per its historical value and old ancient architecture.
Srimanta Sarkardeva Temple
It is an art and cultural complex, named after the greatest vaishnava saint and integrator of the Assamese society Srimanta Sankardeva, Much more to explore here, in order to be aware about the local ethnicity, tradition, culture and art. One separate open theatre with 2000 capacity, that frequently organize folk festivals, traditional dances & dramas, is also lied inside the campus.
Poorva Tirupati (Balaji Temple)
This temple is the replica design of Lord Venketeshwara temple of Tirupati Balaji Temple, visitors from all religion and nationality can visit here to relax in its tranquil surroundings.
Umananda Temple
The sight only of this temple is beautiful, while someone watches it from far away. The most fascinating thing about this temple is that this lord Shiva’s temple is situated on an island in the middle of the Brahmaputre in Guwahati. Celebrating here the grand night of Lord Shiva is another kind of overwhelming experience, which is obviously it, attracts so many devotees from all over the country, through out the years & especially during Grand Night of Shiva.
Guwahati War Cemeteries
This is a place of mass-graves, post world-war II cemeteries, which is maintained by Commonwealth War Graves Commissions, it has 521 graves, including 316 known and 18 unknown graves of soldiers from the United Kingdom, 136 known and seven unknown Indian soldiers, four from Canada, four from South Africa, one from New Zealand, two graves of soldiers whose nationality is unknown, 11 graves of Japanese soldiers and 24 graves of Chinese Army soldiers.

State Festival "BIHU"
The local festival Bihu now going world, it has all the way traditional spices, one can flip through the whole culture of Assam that it describes basically. The main attraction of this festival is to see the different aspects of Dance, performed along with some local folklore. It is the national festival of Assam, celebrated together among Assamese, irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief. The word Bihu is derived from the language of the Dimasa people who have been agrarian since time immemorial. Their supreme god is Brai Shibrai or Father Shibrai. The First crops of the season are offered to Brai Shibrai while wishing for peace and prosperity.
This festival is celebrated three times in a year-
01 – Rongali Bihu (Mid April, also called Bohag Bihu)
02 – Kongali Bihu (Mid October, also called Kati-Bihu)
03 – Bhogali Bihu (Mid January, also called Magh Bihu)

How to reach
Guwahati city is ranked around on 50th number in terms of population, and a recent survey led by a popular Indian magazine, ranked Guwahati on 16th number among all the major and medium sized Indian cities. The city also got a good stabilized transport infrastructure; here are some customary ways to get Guwahati –
By Air
Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Borjhar, is about 20 km west of the city centre. It is widely connected by the all domestic air carriers across the nation & got significant improvements in recent last two years.
By Train
Guwahati Junction, which is one of the major rail head of Guwahati headquarter, falls under the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone.
By Road
Guwahati is one of the major city in Assam state, hence, possess a good infrastructure of Roads, National Highway-31 connects it to the nearby states like Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal. Inter bus services ply within the city, provides better corner to corner connectivity, thus It becomes easier for visitors to surf all around the city.

Climate & Weather
Guwahati is one out of those rare places, having wonderful & moderate climate conditions. Where the average high temperature hits around 29 °C, and average minimum ranges around 19 °C. Summers drag during April to May with 40 °C max & winters little freezing like min 05 °C. Monsoon hits the place in June and lasts till October, provide significant rain to the region.

Best time to visit
This beautiful landscape & Nature paradise can be visited during October to April, as this is the period with mix weather conditions, pretty less possibilities of rain & sky remains clear with bright visibility around, worth to make your trip fascinating.

Being a largest city in Assam state with important commercial and educational center, their are number of Hotels in Guwahati for accommodation of visitors.

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