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Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra river Assam

Brahmaputra is one of the major river of Asia which is also know by the name of Trangpo-Brahmaputra. It is a trans-country river which originated from Talung Tso Lake formed from Angsi glacier near place called Burang in south-west of Tibet. In Tibet it is know by the name of Yarlung Tsangop river. It flows in south direction towards India and later finishes up in Bangladesh. During its journey it covers about 1800 miles and traverses through 3 countries i.e. Tibet, India and Bangladesh. It finishes up its journey at Bay on Bengal. In India, it enters from Arunachal Pradesh and flows through Assam and later enters into Bangladesh. Brahmaputra river valley is popular for its wildlife and flooding in monsoon season.

Mythology
Reference of Brahmaputra river comes in Hindu epics. If we try to understand its meaning then it is association of 2 words "Brahma" which is a Hindu God which creates nature and "Putra" means son. Overall meaning is "Son of lord Brahma". It is a sacred river for Hindu religion followers. Their are many stories on origin of this river but as per Hindu epic "Kalika Puran" saint Parashurama has taken bath in this river. He has killed his own mother Renuka using his axe (Parasa) on order of his father Yamadagni who suspect on her adultery. After complying with order of his father, the axe got stuck in his hands and he was not able to take it off his hands. Some sages suggested him to go on pilgrimage and do some charity work. He went to Arunachal Pradesh region where he cut down the hill and release the sacred water for benefit of common men their due to which axe get off from his hands and was the moment for great relief for him. This released water has later known by the name of Brahmaputra river.

History
Brahmaputra river history explains that route of river has been changing since past due to many different reasons like flooding, earthquake, human disturbance etc. For example before April 1762, river passes through Jamalpur and Mymensingh. But on same time, due to severe earthquake of 7.5 magnitude, main channel of river at Bhahadurabad point was shifted southwards due to tectonic uplift of Madhupur tract. Heavy flooding in contributory river has also caused shift in river flow as evident from incident of year 1780 and 1787 when flood in Tista river change the main river flow route. Similarly as many rivers contributes to Brahmaputra so depending upon rainfall it often expands & squeeze its boundary.

Brahmaputra names & its tributaries
River Brahmaputra has its origin in Tibet from Taulung Tso Lake. Here in Tibet it is known by the name of Yarlung Tsangpo (Purifier) River. In next phase river enters into India from Arunachal Pradesh. Here in Arunachal Pradesh, at the place where it enters, named as Siang where it flows rapidly and reaches plains where it is called Dihang river. After flowing southward direction, it enters into Assam state where it is known by the name of Brahmaputra river. During its journey, river passes through 3 countries before reaching Bay of Bengal. In Tibet its tributaries are Raka Zangbo which meets it in Xigaze, Lhasa river joins at Quxu, Nyang Qu river joins at Zela. These are left con-tributaries rivers and similarly their are right tributaries also like Nyang chu meets at Xigaze. After India, it enters into Bangladesh where it is known as Jamuna river. Major tributaries river are Lohit river, Manas, Daibang river, Burhi river, Raidak river, Amochu river. Other Himalayan streams contributes to this river are : Subansiri, Dhansiri, Kameng, Champamati, Bhareli, Sonkosh and Saralbhanga

Journey of Brahmaputra
Journey of Brahmaputra begins from Angsi glacier at Himalayas in Tibet and at the end reaches Bay of Bengal. During this journey river covers distance of 3848kms and passes through three countries i.e. Tibet, India and Bangladesh. In this journey its drainage area is 712034 sq. kms. During its journey in Tibet, it has left and right tributary rivers about which information is given above. After passing through Tibet, river takes sudden turn to north-east. Here it cascades rapidly through narrow gorges and mountains of Gyala Peri and Namcha Barwa. Their after river takes south-west turn. Maintaining its rapid rhythm, it passes through deep gorges called Grand Canyon of Tsangpo. Here it flows through Arunachal Pradesh and named Dihang. Here it is contributed by mountain streams Lohit and Dibang, just before reaching Assam valley. On entering into Assam plains, width of river increases which is 10kms at some regions. At Sonitpur, it is joined by Kameng River.

Wildlife
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Flooding in Brahmaputra
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Irrigation & Flood Control
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Climate & Weather
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