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Orang National Park

Kaziranga National Park

Orang National Park is a wildlife destination in Darrang & Sonitpur districts of Assam state in North East India. Just like Kaziranga, it is also Brahmaputra river valley forest in north bank of river due to which it is also called mini Kaziranga as both have similar topography. It is close to Tezpur city of Assam state. Orang National Park is a swampy, wooded area; it was inhabited by Orang people, who probably deserted it upon being by disease. In 1915, Orang was declared a game reserve. In 1985, it was notified a wildlife sanctuary, and in 1998, it was declared a wildlife sanctuary. In 1999, it was made a National Park. There are 26 man-made ponds here, sub staining the belief that this region was once home to a particular community. Of these, a few still collect water but most have dried out and become overgrown. The temple ruins also probably belong to the original inhabitants of this area. In 1992, this park was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi Wild Life Sanctuary, but this action had to be taken back after a huge pressure by the public. This park is also known as mini kaziranga National Park, since the park’s topology, flora & fauna is similar like it. The park has a considerable number of Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros; this place is the only stronghold of Rhinos on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River, Pigmy hog, Elephant, Wild buffalo and Tigers. The park is also famous for its migratory birds like milky white pelicans.

Topography
The park is located on the Geological coordination of 26°33’41°N-92°19’00E, it is 140 km far from Guwahati, and 32 km away from the nearest town Tezpur of north-Indian state, Assam. It has an area of 78.81 sq. k., encompassing on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River. Like Kaziranga, this park also becomes veritable flood plain with the many streams overlapping each other, these flood plains causes’ twelve wetlands in the park. Its entire area has categorized into Eastern Himalayan Moist Deciduous Forest, 15.85 sq. kilometer; Eastern Seasonal Swamp Forest, 3.28 sq. kilometer; Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, 8.33 sq. kilometer; Savannah Grassland, 18.17 sq. kilometer; Degraded Grassland, 10.36 sq. kilometer; Water body, 6.13 sq. kilometer; Moist sandy area, 2.66 sq. kilometer; and Dry sandy area, 4.02 sq. kilometers.

Flora in Orang
The evergreen forest is endowed with the rich vegetation of its forest, which is similar to Kaziranga National Park. There are aquatic non aquatic plants, marshy grass patches, Savannahs grass through the park. The natural forest species are like Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sisoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora, Zizypphus jujuba, Litsaea polyantha, etc are found here. Among the non aquatic grassland species the prominent are Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrical, Saccarum spp. etc. The aquatic grassplants species are Andropogon spp., Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp., Wichornia spp. etc .

Mammals in Orang
The park has a great abundance of mixed living creatures, apart from boasting numbers of The Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, there is much more mammals like – The Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic elephant, hog deer, wild boar. Besides, there are other small mammals like civets, leopards, hare, and porcupines. The aquatic life of Orang NP consists of more than 50 species of fish.

Birds in Orang
222 bird species have been recorded so far, this park is a key host of many migratory birds, 47 families of Anatidae, Accipitridae, Addenda and Ardeiae. Some more key species are Bengal florican, Spot-billed Pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus), Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius), Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), Wooly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), Rudy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Pintail (Anas acuta), Pallas's Fishing Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and a number of others include forest and grassland birds.

Reptiles in Orang
As the geography of this place is much comfortable for reptiles, wet-lands, marshy-swampy stretches consist with many reptiles species, some of them are most common like - seven species of Turtle and Tortoise are found, out of which turtle varieties such as Lissemys punctata, Kachuga tecta are common. Among snakes, pythons and cobras are recorded here. Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra, Monitor Lizards are the reptiles found here.

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