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Namdapha National Park

Kaziranga National Park

Namdapha Tiger Reserve has an area about 2, 000 sq km, that is mainly uninhabited tropical forest and contains habitats from riverbanks (200m) to the snow-covered peaks of Daphabum (over 4,500m). Because of this range in altitudes, Namdapha is said to be home to all the four species of large cats – the tiger, the leopard, the clouded leopard and snow leopard! Initially the park was to be as a Reserve Forest and was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972. In 1983, it was declared a National Park and a Tiger Reserve, under the project tiger scheme. This place is for the birds and the bees! Silver-eared mesias, bar-tailed cuckoo doves, emerald doves, blue-bearded bee-eaters, blue-throated barbets, red-eared bay woodpeckers and many more fascinating birds belong to this region. The wildlife of the park is amicable, perfect balance of surroundings & animals; here it is at least 90 mammal species, wild boar, wild dog, macaque, hoolock gibbon. A mammal new to India was recently discovered from Namadapha – the leaf deer that’s otherwise found only in Myanmar, which is happens to be the worlds smallest deer species with a size of 20 inches at the shoulder & weighs about 12 kg. It was found in 1999 by an American biologist of wildlife conservation society. At least 400 bird species, including the white-winged wood duck, blyth’s kingfisher, Austen’s spotted babbler, wedge-billed wren, rusty-bellied short-wing, white-tailed eagle and scarlet finch, bar-tailed cuckoo dove. The area is famed for snakes and amphibians (over 72 species), some seen in India for the first time.

Topography
Namdapha National Park is situated on the coordination of 27°29’N-96°23’E, in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, a north Indian state of India. The time zone of the place is IST (UTC+05:30), the park spanning between the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai range with a wide altitudinal range between 200 meters in the lowest valley to over 4,500 meters above the sea level. The entire area of the park is around 2, 000 sq km in which 177 sq km falls under buffer zone and 1808 sq km in the core area, lies along the bank of Brahmaputra River, near its border with Myanmar. The geography of the park is largely mountainous, falls under the Pale-arctic and Indo-Malayan bio-geographic areas resulting in a divers species assemblage, park has elevated in sub-tropical broadleaved forests to subtropical pine forests, temperate broadleaved forests and at the higher elevation to alpine meadows and perennial snow. The park has extensive bamboo and secondary forests in addition to the primary forests.

Namdapha Flora
Namdapha National Park endowed with the diversified natural amenities, that the entire information yet has not been thoroughly done. It is florally exceptionally diverse and is a delight for plant lovers, gathers around 1000 plants species from more than 600 families have been recorded from the area so far. The two major dipterocarp species are Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (Hollong) and Shorea assamica (Mekai), which are endemic to the region and important timber species. Other emergent tree species include Terminalia myriocarpa (Hollock), Altingia excelsa (Jutuli) and Ailanthus grandis (Borpat). Extensive stands of bamboo and cane occur in some parts of the lower elevations, especially along streams and on hill-slopes. The subtropical and temperate broadleaved forests are dominated by oak and chestnut trees with moss-covered branches and have a predominantly bamboo (Chimonobambusa spp.) undergrowth. Subalpine meadows occur at the highest elevations, and some exceptionally high areas are under perennial snow. Whereas lowland forests are found in the southern and central areas of the park, A high diversity of tree species belonging to the Moraceae , Annonaceae, Anacardiaceae, Lauraceae (laurels) and Meliaceae (e.g. Aglaia, Dysoxylum) plant families are found in Namdapha that support frugivorous birds like barbets, pigeons and hornbills, and mammals like hoolock gibbons and several macaque species, civets, deer and wild pig. Sapria himalayana, a rare parasitic plant found in Namdapha National Park, Many plants found in Namdapha are rare, endangered or endemic species. Sapria himalayana and Balanophora spp. are rare root parasites of lianas and other plants. Several rare orchid species including Paphiopedilum fairrieanum (Host’s slipper Orchid) and Vanda caerulea (Blue Vanda) occur in Namdapha. The national park is an important reservoir of wild varieties of several cultivated species such as wild tea (Camellia caudata), wild coffee (Coffea bengalensis), wild mango (Mangifera sylvatica), and wild varieties of fruits such as persimmon (Diospyros sp.), rambutan (Nephelium sp.) and mangosteen (Garcinia sp.). The rare and highly valued Coptis teeta (Mishmi teeta or Golden thread root) and Aquilaria agallocha (Agar or Aloe wood) are two species occurs here of high medicinal value used for ailments ranging from digestive disorders to fevers and skin problems.

Namdapha Fauna
Namdapha National Park has a diverse & rich wildlife with at least 90 mammal species such as - wild dog, Black bear, Indian Bison, Smaller carnivores include red panda, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian otter, Oriental small-clawed otter, spotted linsang, binturong, common palm civet, small Indian civet, large Indian civet, masked palm civet, marbled cat, fishing cat, Asiatic golden cat, and two species of mongoose. Large herbivores are represented by elephants, wild boar, forest musk deer, indian muntjac, hog deer, sambar, gaur, common goral, mainland serow, takin and bharal, Seven species of non-human primates including Stump-tailed macaque and Slow Loris, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langurs, Assamese Macaques and Rhesus Macaques. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel which is a critically endangered found only here. A mammal new to India was recently discovered from Namadapha – the leaf deer that’s otherwise found only in Myanmar. More than 400 bird species like - There are five species of Hornbills recorded from the area. Several species of rare wren-babblers have been recorded in Namdapha. Other bird groups include laughing thrushes, parrotbills, fulvettas, shrike babblers and scimitar babblers. The Snowythroated Babbler is a rare species of Babbler found only in the Patkai and Mishmi hills and nearby areas in Northern Myanmar, is found in Namdapha. Other rare, restricted range or globally endangered species include the Rufous-necked Hornbill, Green Cochoa, Purple Cochoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ward's Trogon, Ruddy Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Whitetailed fish eagle, Eurasian Hobby, Pied Falconet, White-winged Wood Duck, Himalayan Wood-owl, Rufous-throated Hill-partridge, and Whitecheeked hill partridge. Several leaf warblers and migrants such as Amur Falcon and several Thrushes can be seen here. The first mid-winter waterfowl census in Namdapha was conducted in 1994 when species such as the White-bellied Heron, a Critically Endangared bird was recorded for the first time. Over 72 reptiles & amphibians that even some can exclusively be seen in India. It is the only park in the world to have the four feline species of big cat namely the Tiger (Panthera Tigris), Leopard (Panthera Pardus), Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) and clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa) and number of lesser cats.

How to reach
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Climate & Weather
The region experience a sub tropical climate conditions, basically consists with the three variations – summers, winters & monsoon. Summers triggers during March to June with Maximum Temperature of 32° C & Minimum around 27°C. Monsoon falls from July to October with substantial amount of water, then its winters lasts from October to February plummeting the temperature sometimes below 8°C, while the average day temperature ranges 20-22°C.

Best time to visit
The ideal time to visit Namdapha is in winters between November to March, though if you wish you may also visit in summers as here temperature remain moderate & doesn’t go beyond 32°C. but winters here considered to be the best time fetching the ample piece of wildlife in open clear sky with great visibility.

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